Estimate Your Risk of Osteoporosis

Everyone over the age of fifty is at risk for osteoporosis, especially thin White or Asian women, and people with poor health. After the age of fifty, half of these women and one in five men are expected to break a bone.

You can use the methods below to estimate your risk of osteoporosis and your risk of having a broken bone in the future. If your risks are worrisome, then bone density testing can be done to make the predictions more accurate.

The Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Score (OST Score)

An easy way to estimate your risk of osteoporosis is called The Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Score (OST Score). The OST is based on age and weight. This calculation was developed to predict the risk of osteoporosis for postmenopausal women. With a slight modification it can be used for men and pre-menopausal women.

How To:

1. Calculate your weight in kilograms. (If you know your weight in pounds, then divide by 2.2 to determine the number of kilograms you weigh.)
2. Subtract your age from your weight in kilograms. The answer may be a negative number.
3. Divide by 5. The answer may be a negative number

Scoring: Interpretation for Postmenopausal women
Score worse than -3: High risk of osteoporosis
Score between 1 and -3: Moderate risk of osteoporosis
Score 1 or more: Low risk of osteoporosis

Example: A woman’s weight is 130 pounds and her age is 66 years old
130 lbs divided by 2.2 = 59 Kg
59 minus 66 = -7
-7 divided by 5 = -1.4
Risk: Moderate risk of osteoporosis

Scoring: Interpretation for Men, for younger women who are premenopausa, or women who are less than two years post-menopausal
Any core less than 2 means an increased risk of osteoporosis

Example: A woman’s weight is 130 pounds and her age is 44 years old
130 lbs divided by 2.2 = 59 Kg
59 minus 44 = 15
15 divided by 5 = 3
Risk: Low risk of osteoporosis

When there is moderate risk for osteoporosis, additional risk factors should be considered. These include:

    • History of fracture after age 45 years
    • Parent with history of hip fracture
    • Tobacco use
    • Excessive alcohol use
    • Body Mass Index less than 22 kg/m2 (see chart below)
    • Having a baby before the age of 18
    • No children or pregnancies
    • Other illnesses :
    1. DiabetesInflammatory bowel disease
    2. Glucocorticoid (steroids) use more than 3 months
    3. Using Coumadin® blood thinner

 

 

This is an excerpt from the free eBook  Practical Tips for Bone Health and Osteoporosis from the Institute for Better Bone Health. Download your copy today at www.bonehealthnow.com/ebook

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